List of most important and Useful Commands Prompt (CMD) Commands

List of some more important Useful Commands

How to use the commands listed below; in command prompt?

-You can see the Command Prompt Terminal image bellow:


-At first you have to type the commands in Command Prompt Terminal; then after press an Enter key in keyboard

Note: Most of the commands work when you open cmd as a User; some time if any commands do not work: try to open cmd as an Administrator and try those commands.

-Bellow is the list of command and functions below each command


help

For more information on a specific command, type HELP command-name


ASSOC

Displays or modifies file extension associations.


ATTRIB

Displays or changes file attributes.


BREAK

Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.


BCDEDIT

Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading.


CACLS

Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.


CALL

Calls one batch program from another.


CD

Displays the name of or changes the current directory.


CHCP

Displays or sets the active code page number.


CHDIR

Displays the name of or changes the current directory.


CHKDSK

Checks a disk and displays a status report.


CHKNTFS

Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.


CLS

Clears the screen.


CMD

Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.


COLOR

Sets the default console foreground and background colors.


COMP

Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.


COMPACT

Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.


CONVERT

Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.


COPY

Copies one or more files to another location.


DATE

Displays or sets the date.


DEL

Deletes one or more files.


DIR

Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.


DISKPART

Displays or configures Disk Partition properties.


DOSKEY

Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.


DRIVERQUERY

Displays current device driver status and properties.


ECHO

Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.


ENDLOCAL

Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.


ERASE

Deletes one or more files.


EXIT

Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).


FC

Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.


FIND

Searches for a text string in a file or files.


FINDSTR

Searches for strings in files.


FOR

Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.


FORMAT

Formats a disk for use with Windows.


FSUTIL

Displays or configures the file system properties.


FTYPE

Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.


GOTO

Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.


GPRESULT

Displays Group Policy information for machine or user.


GRAFTABL

Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.


HELP

Provides Help information for Windows commands.


ICACLS

Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories.


IF

Performs conditional processing in batch programs.


LABEL

Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.


MD

Creates a directory.


MKDIR

Creates a directory.


MKLINK

Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links


MODE

Configures a system device.


MORE

Displays output one screen at a time.


MOVE

Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.


OPENFILES

Displays files opened by remote users for a file share.


PATH

Displays or sets a search path for executable files.


PAUSE

Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.


POPD

Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.


PRINT

Prints a text file.


PROMPT

Changes the Windows command prompt.


PUSHD

Saves the current directory then changes it.


RD

Removes a directory.


RECOVER

Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.


REM

Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.


REN

Renames a file or files.


RENAME

Renames a file or files.


REPLACE

Replaces files.


RMDIR

Removes a directory.


ROBOCOPY

Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees


SET

Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.


SETLOCAL

Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.


SC

Displays or configures services (background processes).


SCHTASKS

Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.


SHIFT

Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.


SHUTDOWN

Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.


SORT

Sorts input.


START

Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.


SUBST

Associates a path with a drive letter.


SYSTEMINFO

Displays machine specific properties and configuration.


TASKLIST

Displays all currently running tasks including services.


TASKKILL

Kill or stop a running process or application.


TIME

Displays or sets the system time.


TITLE

Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.


TREE

Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.


TYPE

Displays the contents of a text file.


VER

Displays the Windows version.


VERIFY

Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.


VOL

Displays a disk volume label and serial number.


XCOPY

Copies files and directory trees.


WMIC

Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell.

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